Today Egypt is regarded one of the major countries in the Middle East and Africa due its political and cultural roles in the area. In addition, It is one of the heavily populated countries in Africa with a population of 78 million people in 2007 estimates. The Nile River determines the Egyptian demography. Almost 90% of Egyptian population live along the Nile valley where there is plentiful of arable land. The vast desert plateau is sparsely populated. Cairo is the capital of Egypt which is renowned as the main political, economic and cultural centers in Africa and the Middle East. Alexandria is the second largest city in Egypt which serves as the main Egyptian harbor on the Mediterranean sea.
Egypt Fact Sheet
Official Name: Arab Republic of Egypt.
Area: 1,001,450 sq km.
Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula.
Population: 78 million (2006).
Capital City: Cairo.
Other Major Towns: Alexandria, Luxor, Aswan, Port Said, Hurghada, Sharm El Sheik.
Peoples: Eastern Hamitic -Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers - 99%, Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other European - 1%.
Language: Arabic (official), English and French - widely understood.
Religion: Muslim (mostly Sunni) -94%, Christian (Coptic) and other - 6%.
Time: GMT + 2 hours (GMT + 3 form last Friday in April till last Friday in September).
Currency: Egyptian Pounds (LE).
Electricity: 220 V, 50Hz.
Weights and Measures: Metric.
Economy: Agriculture, mining, oil, tourism, industry (cement, textiles, fertilizer, rubber).
Climate: desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters.