Luxor is located 675 km south of Cairo, in the province of Qena. It is governed by special statue giving it more autonomy than any other city in Egypt. It is considered one of the most important destinations for visitors who are interested in ancient Egyptian history. Since, the largest and best preserved monuments and temples are located in Luxor, it is considered the largest open air museum of the whole world. Luxor was the ancient capital of Thebes and it was given its name Luxor by the Arab travelers which means “the palaces” due to the several ruins of monuments scattered all through the city. Luxor continues to be a major tourist destination with thousand of international travelers arrive each year to see the monuments. Thus tourism in Luxor is a major economic activity in town.